Swaziland's culture has played a significant role in the history and regulation of gambling activities. Based on its history, most gambling activities remained under strict supervision and remained prohibited in most instances. The national lottery program has been legal for most of the country's history.
However, it remains unclear if the lottery program was active during British rule or if the Swaziland government made it legal after gaining independence in 1968. Some people imply that the British banned all acts of betting in 1889 after passing the Crimes Act, which prohibited citizens from gambling in public or having a betting house.
Before attaining its independence, the British government passed the Casino Act and the Lotteries Act of 1963 laws to regulate betting. The Swaziland lawmakers in 1970 passed the Bookmakers and Taxation Act of 1970. They recently repealed the three laws by enacting the Gaming Act of 2010.